You can buy high-quality and certified foundation only from large manufacturers who use special, factory equipment in their work.
During its production, on professional factory equipment, the technological process of wax disinfection and its settling at high temperatures must be followed. If this process is followed, all pathogenic bacteria in the wax die, and the wax is obtained of high quality and disinfected.
When choosing, pay attention to the thickness of the sheet. It is believed that the thicker the sheet, the better it stands in the frame, does not warp and does not float at high temperatures.
And what is very important, if there is no bribe in early spring, or it is bad, due to cold weather, then the bees will be able to delay the foundation by taking wax from the leaf itself. In this way, you help the bees enter the new season without overloading the wax glands, which keeps them working.
When choosing a foundation, you need to pay attention to the compliance of the sheet size with the accepted standards. Optimal sizes & ndash; this is when the sheet goes into the frame, and at the same time there are no large gaps around the edges, and you also do not need to crop it.
Therefore, when you are planning to buy foundation, always keep these features in mind.
Foundation Dadan is considered one of the most common. It is used in Lezhak type hives, as well as for Ukrainian frames. Dimensions must correspond to 410 * 260mm. & Nbsp; You can buy Dadan foundation in almost every beekeeping shop or online store.
Beeswax Ruta - used for box hives, its dimensions must correspond to -410 * 207 mm. When buying, make sure that its dimensions do not exceed the indicated ones, because then you will waste time trimming the sheets, this is especially inconvenient when you have a large apiary.
Foundation on a half-frame, or as it is also called the 145th foundation. Used in store add-ons to collect honey.
Drone foundation - has a large cell, thanks to this, the uterus lays drone brood in it. It is also used to obtain a drone homogenate and as a natural remedy for Varroa mite. You can buy a standard size drone foundation or order it from a manufacturer of the size you need for your hive. Nowadays, they are increasingly used in store add-ons for collecting honey.
Due to the fact that the cell in it is much larger, bees pour more honey into it than when using standard sheets. It is durable and retains its shape well when pumped out.
Foundation Maximum - has the closest to natural angle of inclination in the cell. Due to this feature, the larvae grow larger and healthier in it, since they are completely covered with royal jelly.
It is mainly used & nbsp; in early spring during egg-laying and due to the fact that it has thicker leaves than usual, it is good to put it in the hive during the period without tipping.
You can make the foundation yourself, but you should understand that if you take wax from old frames, there is a high probability that pathogenic bacteria will be introduced into it. Since at home it is very difficult to withstand the required temperature regime for complete disinfection of wax.
It is better to find a good manufacturer and buy a ready-made foundation that has passed the disinfection process. In this case, you will not harm your bees. Manufacturers can provide you with all documents confirming the quality of foundation.
You can buy foundation in Ukraine both in the online store and in ordinary beekeeping stores. In the online store you can not only buy it but also exchange it for wax with a small surcharge.
For large beekeeping farms, producers can make special advantageous offers and wholesale prices.
Foundation is always sold in bulk at a better price, so if you have such an opportunity to buy foundation wholesale & nbsp; for the whole season, it is better to use it. Firstly, the price for it will be much lower, it will always be at your fingertips, and you will not have to look for where to buy it during a strong honey collection. And if she stays with you for the next season, then nothing will happen to her, she will only become stronger. Considering that the price of foundation is constantly increasing, then this can be a good investment.